My creative workbook

Christine de Beer Floral Lifestyle Design

Tillandsia Usneoides

Spanish moss is not a true moss but an epiphytic plant that grows on other plants but makes its own food. The plant has no aerial roots but grows thin, curved or curly scaled leaves that hang like a chain and form long structures of up to 6 meters long. Spanish moss propagates by seed or will continue to grow if a fragment of the plant breaks and is carried or blown into a tree or branch.

Tillandsia Usneoides - Spanish moss, Florida moss, long moss, or graybeard

Detail of my Stringing in the Rain design with Spanish moss, wool, hydrangeas and lilies.

Common name:

Spanish moss, Florida moss, long moss, or graybeard


Central and South America and the southeastern United States but it will grow wherever the climate is warm and humid such as South Africa, Hawaii and Australia


A mass of grey green with tiny greenish blue flowers and brown seedpods. The moss can also be dyed.


Vase life:

Spanish moss can be arranged without a water source as it absorbs moisture from the air. It will even withstand long periods of absolutely no water when the plant becomes dormant.



Roll in a ball and use as a water retaining mechanic. It is also great to use as a natural stuffing to add bulk or cushion delicate objects. Can be used as mulch in planted designs or draped as insulation or a natural screen or even as fibres.


Wearing gloves dunk the moss under water and lightly wash it with a little bit of dishwashing soap to remove all bugs. Rinse well and spread out the moss to dry in full sun. Or seal the moss in an airtight container (or bag) for a week in a cool shaded area. This should also draw out any bugs hiding in the moss. Take care not to sweat or heat the moss. Rinse out and your moss is ready to work with. Do not microwave. Use dry or hydrate the moss for a few weeks before using in an arrangement

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Christine de Beer

This is my ongoing creative workbook to research and capture design projects and techniques. You will mostly find ideas for floral art but I will also include some other projects such as gift packaging, cards and even cake decorating with a few lifestyle projects arranged in between.

Everything you see in this workbook was designed, made and photographed by me, unless specific credit is given to another designer.